The Smithsonian Latino Center will celebrate the Day of the Dead with a three-day online event. The festival will be held October 31 to November 2 in the Latino Virtual Museum in Second Life. This year’s Día de los Muertos festival will feature ofrendas to late Mexican singer Chavela Vargas, actress Lupe Ontiveros and artist Carlos Alonzo. …
The online commemoration of Día de los Muertos will also be enhanced with social media. Visitors will have the opportunity to tweet messages and offerings during the ceremony, which will be delivered in the Nahuatl language.
“This year’s festival allows visitors to create a virtual presence with their avatars and to engage in the spirit of this culturally significant celebration by sharing their offerings with a global audience via Twitter,” said Melissa Carrillo, Latino Center director of New Media and Technology. “This celebration continues to grow in popularity, which is evidenced by more than 11,000 visits to our online festival last year.”
The Smithsonian Latino Center ensures Latino contributions to arts, sciences and the humanities are highlighted, understood and advanced through the development and support of public programs, scholarly research, museum collections and educational opportunities at the Smithsonian Institution and its affiliated organizations across the United States.
Oaxaca, one of Mexico’s most vibrant states, is located in southwestern Mexico and is best known for its indigenous cultures. The Central Valley of Oaxaca is well known for its archaeological sites, culture and fine crafts. Oaxaca also contains a vast diversity of wildlife including… plants, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals.
Whether one is interested in shopping, sightseeing or eating great food; Oaxaca has something to offer everyone. The angelic state has unique architecture, top-notch museums, and its own delicious version of Mexican food. Some great places for shopping are the Atzompa community market which is famous for its handmade green-glazed pottery and Mercado de Abastos, the largest outdoor market in Mexico. A few places for sightseeing are the Monte Albán archaeological site, the mezcal plantation, the Mitla archaeological site, and the Museum of Contemporary Art of Oaxaca. Known for its fabulous regional cuisine, many people visit Oaxaca just for the food. Mole negro, cocido, and tlayudas with quesillo are just a handful of the dishes that you will find here. Some of the crowd-pleasing restaurants are Los Danzantes, Los Pacos and Catedral. When looking for something sweet, look no further because Oaxaca is famous for its chocolate.
In the state capital, the celebration of Day of the Dead begins a week before November 1 with the commencement of the “Plaza de los Muertos.” Located in the city market, natives will find everything they need for the holiday including mole negro, marigolds, Oaxacan chocolate and pan de muertos. Although Day of the Dead is celebrated all of over Mexico, the state of Oaxaca has become famous for its elaborate celebrations. Families typically build the ofrendas (altars) on a table and then wrap it with a tablecloth or white sheet and use sugarcane to make an arch above the altar. After the ofrenda is built, families will start placing the offerings that consist of corn jelly, pumpkin with black sugar, and chocolate ground by stone. In addition, there is an abundance of fresh regional fruit, nuts, and cooked chayote. Families not only visit the gravesites and make altars; they also enjoy and participate in theatrical performances that represent the returning of the deceased.
As the monarch butterflies’ annual migration brings them closer and closer to Mexico, one of Mexico’s best-known holidays is approaching. The beginning of November marks Día de los Muertos, or “Day of the Dead.” This holiday celebrates and honors deceased loved ones, and coincidently… occurs simultaneously with the monarch arrival in Mexico. Monarch butterflies travel thousands of miles from the United States and Canada to their winter nesting grounds in central Mexico.
The native Purépecha Indians believe that encapsulated within each butterfly is the soul of a returned loved one. In the Mexican state of Michoacán, monarchs drift through the cemeteries. As the butterflies dance across graves, these souls are greeted by locals celebrating the holiday.
The orange-winged beauties add a vibrant touch to the celebrations. As 300 million butterflies complete their 3,000-mile journey, the living rejoice in their annual visit from the returning souls.
In the new movie Flight of the Butterflies, the observance of Día de los Muertos plays a key role in the plot of the movie. Among the citizen scientists search for the monarch butterflies were Ken Brugger and his wife, Catalina Aguado. As Catalina and Ken visit a local cemetery during Día de los Muertos, they see monarch butterflies heading towards a nearby mountain. This mountain is later discovered to be the winter nesting place of millions of monarch butterflies.
Located in the north of Michoacán and 53km from the capital of Morelia, the beautiful city of Tzintzuntzán is a place everyone should visit. Tzintzuntzán, meaning “place of the hummingbirds,” is known for its festivals, including Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead)… and Festival of Señor del Rascate. Moreover, this extraordinary city has many unique and interesting monuments and attractions, making it well worth the travel.
Every year, people from all over the region celebrate Día de los Muertos in Tzintzuntzán. This holiday has been observed for centuries and was a major celebration for the indigenous people, the Purépecha. As October comes to an end, the festivities begin. Families start building private altars, picking marigolds, and preparing food for their departed loved ones.
Aside from the holiday, Tzintzuntzán has a number of tourist attractions. A few of the things that should be on everyone’s to-do list are Yácatas, the former monastery complex of San Francisco, the Ex Convent of Santa Ana, and the outdoor market. Yácatas is an archaeological site that consists of five pyramids and has a breath-taking view of Lake Pátzcuaro. The former monastery complex of San Francisco is the main attraction of the town and contains two chapels, a large atrium that has a 500 year old olive grove, the Church of San Francisco, and the Church of La Soledad. Located near the olive grove, the Ex Convent of Santa Ana is a historical monument that has been restored where religious art and murals can be viewed there. One of the jewels of the town is the outdoor market. Known for its handcrafts, the town is most vibrant on the weekends where vendors sell woven tule, high-end ceramics, rustic wood furniture, and items woven from straw.
Iconic film Director, Tim Burton’s newly released film ‘Frankenweenie’ was inspired by Mexico’s holiday, Día de los Muertos. Burton, who is known for his dark themed movies, has captured the essence of what Día de los Muertos is all about; celebrating the dead.… Frankenweenie is a remake of Burton’s short film and a parody to the film Frankenstein.
The black and white, stop-motion animation film is about a little boy, Victor Frankenstein, who lives with his parents and dog in New Holland. During a baseball game, Victor hits a home run and his dog Sparky chases after the ball and gets killed by a car. Feeling depressed about the loss of his dog, Victor decides to try to resurrect his beloved pet by making a laboratory in his attic. Fortunately, Victor is successful and brings Sparky back to life with lightning.
When asked about the film, Burton said “Of all the cultures I’ve visited and been to, I find the Mexican way of dealing with death the most positive.” Every year on November 1-2, people from Mexico celebrate Día de los Muertos, also known as Day of the Dead, by decorating their homes and leaving offerings.
Since the release of the film, it has been a huge success and seems to be another slam dunk for the talented director. Fans went crazy when Burton visited Mexico. Many felt that Burton really understood their culture and how they celebrated death instead of being depressed about it. With the Día de los Muertos approaching and families getting ready to celebrate, the movie couldn’t have been released at a better time.
Simply Sweet Apps have created an iPhone/iPad app in honor of Day of the Dead, a traditional family oriented holiday.
The Day of the Dead, or Dia de los Muertos, is a two-day celebration that takes place on November 1 through November 2. The holiday, which celebrates the lives of loved ones who have passed, is deeply rooted in the Mexican culture.
Many celebrate this holiday of remembrance by dressing up in costumes and makeup inspired by La Calavera Catrina (or ‘The Elegant Skull’); the DAY of the DEAD ME app gives you the opportunity to decorate an image with traditional festive makeup and flowers.
Day of the Dead Me app allows you to place a variety of traditional images, such a painted eyes and facial decorations, onto any photo and digital face paint in the style of sugar skull makeup. You can personalize photos of yourself and loved ones, or even pictures of your favorite celebrities. The app is user-friendly, age-friendly, and is less than a dollar.
Day of the Dead Me app includes resizable image templates: Roses, facial scrolls, skull nose, hats, moustaches, painted eyes & chins, and much more! There are additional face-decorating features and flowers options available for purchase in art packs.
Learn more about the DAY of the DEAD ME app (and see before and after pics) on their Twitter and Facebook pages. You can also watch a tutorial of the app in use on YouTube, and finally, get the app for your iPhone and iPad at iTunes.
While you are looking into the Day of the Dead Me app, be sure to check out and decorate your iPhone 4 with this wonderful vast variety of Day of the Dead cases.
Mexico is ranked among the world’s top fifty economies for ease of doing business, and shows improvement for the fourth consecutive year, according to a report just released by The World Bank’s “Doing Business 2013: Smarter Regulations for Small and Medium-Size Enterprises” report. …
The World Bank’s “Doing Business” report joins other internationally well-recognized sources, such as the World Economic Forum and the IMD, that demonstrate how Mexico is advancing in global competitiveness. As MexicoToday reported in recent months:
• Mexico has improved 10 positions in the past two years, as reported by the IMD
• Mexico has improved six positions in the past two years, as reported by The World Bank’s Doing Business report
The “Doing Business” report assesses regulations affecting domestic firms in 185 economies, including Mexico, and ranks the economies measured by ten areas of business regulation, including: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency.
Key highlights of the “Doing Business” report:
• Mexico continues improving its ranking for the fourth consecutive year, rising by five positions compared to last year’s report
• Mexico is ranked 48 under the overall “ease of doing business” category, far surpassing all the BRIC countries, namely Brazil (130), Russia (112), India (132), and China (91)
• Under the “starting a business” ranking, Mexico showed a significant improvement to 36 from 75 compared to last year. According to the Mexican Economy Ministry, this improvement is largely due to the elimination of the minimum capital required to start a business, which used to be approximately US$5,000 for a corporation and US$300 for a Limited Liability Company.
• Under the “paying taxes” area, Mexico showed an improvement by two positions compared to last year’s report, to 107. As indicated by the report, Mexico has reduced by 78% the average number of times that taxes are paid in a year, from 27x in 2007 to only 6x in 2012. During this same five-year period, the time spent in paying taxes per year has reduced from 549 hours to 337 hours, representing a 39 percent improvement on time and resources for businesses.
On its tenth edition, the "Doing Business" report data cover regulations measured from June 2011 through May 2012.
MexicoToday’s Brand Ambassador and rally racer Ricardo Triviño, together with co-pilot Alex Haro, are part of the latest video game “WRC3” released by Italian leading video game developer Milestone. The “WRC3” game is the official video game of the 2012 FIA World Rally Championship… (WRC).
Released on October 12, Europeans can now enjoy the WRC 3 game which shows off high-speed game play -- and users can enjoy scenes from the Guanajuato Rally in Mexico while racing on the Mexico branded car.
Ricardo Triviño is the first and only Mexican in the WRC competing against Europeans and rally racers from around the world. For the sixth time this year, Triviño was recently crowned as champion for the FIA-NACAM Region comprised of North, Central, and northern South America and Caribbean.
The “WRC 3” game is available for the PS3, PS Vita, Xbox 360 and PC platforms, so be sure to check out Ricardo and his Mexico branded car here!
QUE BO!, by Jose Ramon Castillo was selected in September for the 2012 edition of the guide. Located in Paris, the “Club des Croqueurs de Chocolat” makes up the largest group of passionate chocolatiers professionals worldwide.
The club’s 2012 edition will debut at the Salon du Chocolat in Paris from October 31 through November 4. Chef Jose Ramon Castillo will participate as an international chef in “Choco-demos.” After its debut, the guide will be available in bookstores across France.
The club is unparalleled in its experience with chocolate. They exist to promote extraordinary professionals in the world of chocolate, providing an annual guide of the best chocolates and chocolatiers in the world. The “Club des Croqueurs de Chocolat” originated in 1981. Each member tastes over 1,000 chocolates and cocoa products each year to determine which are the best. In order to be awarded a place in the guide, a chef must be selected through a series of rigorous tasting and demanding scrutiny, and then a unanimous vote.
Black pointy hat, wart on the nose, woman flying on a broomstick and cackling: these are the images that might come to mind when one hears the word "witch". Fairy tales may be a great source of entertainment to most, but in Mexico, witchcraft is a serious matter. Healers, shamans and sorcerers have… long held places of prominence in the culture of Mexico. Even in today's high-tech world of advanced medicine, many still prefer the herbs and rituals of a “curandero” to meet their physical, emotional and spiritual needs.
If you are looking to have your own experience with a shaman or healer, you will find them all in all parts of Mexico, but the best place to look is in the Tuxtlas area of Veracruz, specifically in the town of Catemaco. This small town located on a beautiful lake snuggled between mountains is the site of the annual “Congreso Nacional de Brujos” or “National Witches Congress” on the first Friday of March. The event began as a social gathering of shamans and healers but has grown into a festival for tourists. While some believe it has lost its magic, others still flock to the region for “limpiezas”, amulets and oils, and to seek the advice of healers or purchase a spell that will bind their love to them forever.
The congress begins at midnight on Thursday; as the clock changes to Friday, a “black mass” is held on the shore of the lake. The term “black mass” may sound ominous, but it signifies the cleansing of the negative (or “black”) energies. Torches and candles are lit, the heady smoke of copal fills the air and prayers mixed with Catholicism and ancient beliefs are recited. Hundreds of shamans, healers, and psychics together with thousands of visitors gather to be a part of the rituals. The next three days are filled with ceremonies, parades, and parties, group rites and private sessions. People feast on typical cuisine (delicious seafood from the lake is a favourite) and indulge in tequila and locally produced rum.
The most sought after ritual is the “limpieza” or “cleansing”. “Limpiezas” can be done in groups or individually. The shaman will have a collection of items to assist in the cleansing, each with their own individual tastes and styles, but there are things they all have in common. Fresh herbs will be used, often rosemary, bay leaves, and rue, as well as cinnamon, fruits, teas, rubbing alcohol, purified water, copal, cigars and conch shells. The shaman will begin with prayers, a mix of pleas to Catholic saints, ancient spirits and the energies of nature and mother earth to rid the body of negativity and to fill it with light and positivity. The leaves of the herbs will be brushed along the body, smoke from copal and cigars wafted across the skin and the conch shell blown at different chakra points, the vibrations of the sound opening any blockages. The shaman may ask questions or even surprise you by telling you details about your past, your personality and the future. Suggestions may be given for things to be done at home, from a special bath in honey and rose petals, to meditation, yoga, a change in diet and a change in personal habits and interactions. Believers leave feeling light and full of energy and perhaps even changed for life.
You do not need to visit in March to have a spiritual experience in Mexico. The beauty of Catemaco can be experienced year round. The small nature reserve of Nanciyaga on Lake Catemaco is simply one of the most beautiful destinations you may ever wish to visit and offers natural and mystical experiences. A place of positive vibrations and natural wonders, Nanciyaga is a welcoming spot for guests to disconnect, get close to nature and find harmony in their spiritual centers. The charming cabañas have stunning views of the lake, perched on the shore and set amidst the towering trees and lush plants of the jungle. It is a place of peace and renewal. Visitors will be a part of the "temazcal" ritual, similar to a Native American sweat lodge, in a small dome with intense heat emanating from volcanic rocks. A rinse in the cool clear waters of the natural mineral well will leave you feeling refreshed. Body and soul are cleansed with mud treatments, massages and rituals of dance and song as well as interactions with shamans. A few days in Nanciyaga and Catemaco, with their natural beauty and magical healers, will leave you changed and recharged, in touch with yourself and the world.
Skeptic or believer, a visit to the spiritual centers of Mexico offers a unique experience and an opportunity to discover something new about the world and about yourself. A taste of culture, magic and natural beauty, ancient mysticism is alive in this modern world.
From the time the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, modern man has been mesmerized by the complex cities left behind by Mexico’s indigenous cultures. Magnificent temples and astonishing pyramids are at the center of some of the more notable and profound archeological ruins in the world.…
Thousands of years ago, the Maya created one of the most prolific and fascinating civilizations the world has ever known. Their brilliant creativity and design prospered and lasted for around 600 years. Then, for reasons unknown to historians and scholars, their culture went into decline, the cities were abandoned and the inhabitants disappeared. Mayan ruins are scattered throughout the dense jungles and lush rolling hillsides of Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador and the five Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco, Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. This entire area is collectively referred to as the “Mundo Maya” or Mayan World.
Chichén Itzá is undoubtedly the best-known Mayan site in all of Mexico. About two hours by bus west of Cancun in the state of Yucatán, this is one of the masterpieces of the Mayan civilization. It’s a combination of two cities: one under Mayan rule from the sixth to the tenth century; the other, a Toltec-Maya city that emerged around the year 1000 AD. Under the Toltec rule, the buildings were developed and the city came to life.
At the center of Chichén Itzá is the pyramid known as El Castillo. This structure is recognized for its cosmological symbolism. As seen in many photographs, its four sides contain 365 steps (one for each day of the solar year), 52 panels (for each year in the Maya century), and 18 terraces (for the eighteen months in the religious year). There is also a temple inside the Castillo, which is accessible via a narrow stairway. Unfortunately, to preserve the structure, tourists are no longer allowed to climb some pyramids in Mexico, including El Castillo.
Uxmal, located 58 miles south of Mérida, is architecturally speaking one of the most significant sites in the ancient world. Founded around 600 A.D., Uxmal (meaning “three times built”) was created in various stages of complex façades and arches, majestic columns, and massive terraces facing broad plazas. The centerpiece of Uxmal is the 100-foot tall “Pyramid of the Magician.” In the same area, you can also discover the ruins of Kabáh, Labná, and Sayil.
The state of Chiapas boasts the ruins of the city of Palenque, believed to have been an ancient burial ground. Deep in a jungle setting, it’s more airy and delicate than other sites. At one time, Palenque was said to be a sprawling religious center that spanned nearly 25 square miles. Its 75-foot high “Temple of Inscriptions” contains one of the only crypts found inside a pyramid in Mexico.
South of Cancun (in the state of Quintana Roo), the cliff top fortress of Tulum stands alone as the only walled city the Maya built. It’s also the only known Maya city to be constructed on the edge of the turquoise waters of the Caribbean.
In central Mexico, you’ll find the remnants of the Aztecs. The very heart of today’s Mexico City served as the center of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. Here the Aztecs built palaces, pyramids and temples, including the Templo Mayor, or Great Temple. When it was completed in 1487, the Templo Mayor consisted of seven superimposed structures, each making the temple more magnificent. The remains of the lower levels are preserved today (just as they stood) adjacent to Mexico City’s main square.
Approximately 31 miles northeast of Mexico City, in the state of Mexico, the pyramids of Teotihuacan remain a popular tourist attraction and its first true city. The monuments were built as flat-topped bases for ceremonial temples that reached towards the sky to be close to the gods.
In the neighboring state of Hidalgo (about 60 miles north of Mexico City), are the ruins of Tula. This Toltec city is known for its giant 15-foot stone warriors (called “alantes”) that stand atop the main Pyramid of the Morning Star. Tula was founded around 1000 AD, after the fall of Teotihuacan and before the advent of Tenochtitlan.
Also outside of Mexico City, near Cuernavaca, the impressive mountainside archeological site of Xochicalco ties together the styles of cultures from central Mexico, the gulf coast, the Maya region, and the Mixtec-Zapotec area in the state of Oaxaca. Also near Cuernavaca (about 25 minutes outside the city) is the city of Tepoztlan where ruins of a temple dating from the late 1400s are located north of town atop a majestic mountain.
In southern Mexico, the parallel cultures of the Zapotec and Mixtec developed and flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca from about 500 AD to the 16th century. The ceremonial centers of Monte Alban (meaning white hill) and Mitla stand as testament to their skill and artistry. These ruins and hundreds of others like them are an integral part of understanding Mexico and history in general.
Making them a part of your personal discovery of this country will be both captivating and rewarding.
The year was 1970 and I was about to turn 21. The Chicago Seven Trial was winding down, the Vietnam War was in full rage, Nixon had lowered the voting age to 18, and The Beatles had released their final album, Let It Be. The message to my generation was to simply “Keep on… Truckin’”. So naturally, I figured it a good time for a Mexico road trip.
My junior year at San Diego State concluded, I called my old boyhood friend attending Stanford, Tom Dawson, regaling him about a place in the jungle I had heard about called Puerto Vallarta. The first paved road to get there had just been completed from Tepic. Using advanced calculus, with gas costing 15 cents a gallon and sleeping on the beach as our accommodations, I estimated we could do a two-week trip from San Diego for about $100 each. So off we went in my 1966 VW van with no jack, a case of beer, and four bald tires. I had no idea how this trip would come to define my life – but it did just that.
This was before all of the freeway-like toll roads in Mexico, so you drove through every town and village along Highway 15 heading south. I had never heard the term then, but with the exception of stops in Guaymas and Mazatlán, this was Rural Tourism, now known as travel to rural areas, thereby providing an important source of income outside of age-old agriculture. Today, tourism is the number one money generator in third-world countries, getting money to people who need it the most.
I have recently returned from Puerto Vallarta for about the hundredth time, exploring an area a short distance south of town called Cabo Corrientes. You may know it as the area where the town of Yelapa is located, primarily accessible only by boat. But the entire region can be reached by auto, although most all of the roads are dirt. I hooked up with a guy, Brad Wollman, who lives in Yelapa and has a tour business (http://www.palapainyelapa.com/backroad-cultural-safari) specializing in exploring this back-country adventure. There are over 50 villages in total, from the mountainous jungle surrounding Chacala to the pristine beaches of Tehuamixtle and Pisota. It is hard to fathom that you are just an hour or two from Vallarta, as few tourists venture this far out of the city. I do know that you will not find a more beautiful area in Mexico or finer people. This is Mexico as it was and is, away from the big cities, the politics, the cartels. You notice more burros than cars, more smiles than scowls. Indiana Jones and Jane Goodall would feel right at home, although probably not together.
The gateway town where you enter Cabo Corrientes is El Tuito. There are a few hotels, and some of the interior villages have very rustic accommodations (a cot in a room) if you ask around. Otherwise, it is close enough to Puerto Vallarta that you can be back to your hotel there by sundown if you get an early morning start.
Another day was spent driving deep into the jungle mountains behind Puerto Vallarta. From town the hills look uninhabited, but there is a large network of dirt roads that will eventually lead you all the way to Guadalajara in about six hours (except in rainy season, when the many rivers rise that cross the road) or north to the towns of mountain towns of Mascota, San Sebastian and Talpa de Allende. The road begins flanking the Rio Cuale, bordering the Romantic Zone of PV. Within a few minutes of leaving town you are climbing the jungle terrain, seemingly 1,000 miles away from anything. The jungle is Amazon-dense, jade-green, and noticeably cooler as you gain elevation. You see an occasional rancho and there are a few small villages. It is Quiet. Stunning. Perfect. Contact Brad, mentioned above, for this trip, as well. Or if you feel comfortable enough, rent a Jeep in town for around $40.00 - $60.00 a day. I have driven tens of thousands of miles in Mexico without losing any limbs or my mind (debatable). So can you.
These are just two examples of Rural Tourism options when visiting Vallarta. But the same is true anywhere in Mexico. Within an hour’s drive of Cancun, Acapulco, Cabo San Lucas, Ixtapa or Oaxaca City, you find a way of life unfamiliar to most gringos. Mexico is a huge country, two-thirds the size of the U.S. with 31 states, boasting terrains and cultures of every category. The state of Oaxaca alone has 16 indigenous groups, each with their own language. Some of the world’s finest textiles and folk art are produced here, primarily in small, rural villages. Every area has its own art, music and food on display in the every-day life of rural Mexico. Grab a map and you will see the blue-roads snaking throughout the country, dotted with names like Zempoala, Jacalito and Tejocote. There are thousands of them – fascinating places a world-removed from the metropolises of Mexico City, Monterrey and Puebla.
In these economic times tourism is more important than ever for Mexico. And nothing could spur the industry better than the growth of rural tourism, where the destinations are endless. For example, Mexico has around 6,000 miles of coastline, but only relatively few towns have become tourist centers. Have you ever wondered what the other 5,800 miles are like? Well, I’ve seen most of them and you can too. It’s safe, fascinating and cheap – not a bad combination. If you don’t relish the thought of driving, Mexico’s buses run everywhere. From 3rd class beaters to 1st class luxury liners, the country gets around on buses. It’s easy to find scheduling information from any town you fly in to.
For the best information on the web concerning Rural Tourism in Mexico, go to Ron Mader’s award-winning Planeta site http://planeta.com . Ron has been a long-time leader of responsible travel and ecotourism in Latin America from his home in Oaxaca City.
So put on some U2 and hear Bono sing Where the Streets Have No Name – and start planning that trip.
For decades, both Americans and Canadians have been supporting efforts to provide young Oaxacans with improved education; donating not only their time and expertise, but also books and related educational resources, food and clothing to make attending school easier for children of families with very… limited resources, and cash. But while US taxpayers have been able to deduct donations to certain registered Mexican charities from their income, Canadians have not. Finally change is in the wind, as a result of CANFRO, Canadian Friends of Oaxaca Inc.
CANFRO was incorporated as a non-profit organization pursuant to the laws of the Province of Ontario in January, 2012. It has applied for designation as a charitable organization pursuant to CRA (Canada Revenue Agency) regulations, and expects to receive approval by the end of the year. Once approved, it can issue tax-deductible receipts.
While on paper its objectives appear broad, such as supporting women, improving accessibility to healthcare for residents who survive only marginally, and more generally relieving poverty, each of CANFRO’s seven projects is directly related to improving educational opportunities for youthful Oaxacans.
Administrative Framework & Functioning of CANFRO
The Government of Canada does not allow Canadians to obtain tax relief for donations made directly to established Oaxacan non-profits, through CANFRO or otherwise. Rather, funds to support Oaxacans and / or pay for goods and services for their benefit, must be paid to the individual or a third party provider.
The implications of this are twofold. Firstly, administration costs are kept to a bare minimum, since by not donating through a Oaxacan charity no portion of the gift is used for the charity’s operating costs. Secondly, Canadians in Oaxaca, currently the CANFRO directors, must initially select worthy projects, and then devote their efforts to paying funds to the appropriate recipients, ensuring the money is spent as represented to the Canadian donors, and securing the necessary paperwork so that they obtain tax receipts from CANFRO as authorized by CRA.
However, Oaxacan charities do play an important role in the process. In most cases they are utilized in at least one of two respects: to identify the candidates and programs in need; and to act as a conduit or intermediary; CANFRO makes use of charity premises and established routines. An examination of its existing projects clarifies the scheme, while at the same time exemplifies precisely how Canadians can help educate Oaxacans.
Current CANFRO Projects
Some CANFRO projects overlap. However each has a distinctly unique mission, enabling Canadians to choose the form of aid which best suits their preferences, as well as their financial means. Donors who are familiar with an existing Oaxacan charitable organization, and are perhaps already contributing to it without getting tax relief, might gravitate towards it.
The Hearing Aid Project: If not detected early enough, hearing impairment results in lower educational achievement than would otherwise be attainable. CORAL (Oaxacan Center for the Rehabilitation of Hearing and Speech), is a non-profit organization consisting of an audiology clinic, hearing and speech therapy facility, early detection hearing loss program and a social work component which includes in-home training for parents in outlying communities. Hearing aid batteries often last as little as 10 days. On behalf of donors, CANFRO purchases solar powered hearing kits for children with hearing loss. CORAL selects appropriate recipients.
The Women’s Project: CANFRO donors can fully and directly support a bright young indigenous woman in her quest to obtain a high school education. Funds provided are used for meals, accommodations, transportation, educational costs, clothing and healthcare expenses. They also pay for costs related to attending monthly weekend workshops and extended summer sessions at Casa de la Mujer; for mentoring regarding sex, birth control, woman’s rights and self-esteem, as well as psychological and occupational counseling. Casa de la Mujer makes recommendations regarding worthy candidates.
The Advanced Education Project: This initiative is similar to The Women’s Project, but is for promising students of both sexes and not associated with any organization. It may include university education. It is more for donors wishing to decide upon their own recipients or rely on either another individual or one of the non-profits to assist in screening and selecting. The project does not include a workshop component.
The Tutor Project: University students from Oaxaca, as well as those from outlying areas who have migrated to the state capital for higher education, often do not have sufficient resources to complete their studies. CANFRO pays these young adults to tutor high school students in difficult subject areas, both individually and in groups. Thus, benefits accrue to tutors and their students alike. In addition, the tutors provide excellent role models for students of similar social class. Tutoring occurs at The Oaxaca Learning Center.
The Book Project: Reading is a major component of learning. Fifteen years ago a group of Oaxacan residents began a literacy program, Libros para Pueblos, opening children’s libraries in Oaxaca. It has annually expanded into the villages. Proof of its success is the fact that many books have become worn and even “lost.” CANFRO supplies replacement and new books for rural libraries.
The Food & School Sponsorship Projects: These two ventures involve participation of El Centro de Esperanza Infantil (The Center of Hope for Children). Years ago it was brought to the attention of The Center´s founders that many children were falling asleep in Oaxacan schools. As a result of a lack of parental resources students were not receiving the nutrition required to be physically ready to learn. CANFRO donors supply funds for daily hot meals served at The Center, giving youth the energy required to participate fully in their education. But the children require more. El Centro also assists in identifying students worthy of donor support in the form of resources to buy equipment, supplies, uniforms, shoes, books, school fees and medical services.
When to Begin Supporting the Education of Oaxacans?
There’s no need for Canadians to defer donating until tax deductibility is available, likely by December. Canadians have been helping to educate Oaxacans for years with after-tax earnings. Consider initially donating directly to a charity noted above, thereafter paying through CANFRO once CRA approval is confirmed.
Alvin Starkman is one of CANFRO’s directors. He and his wife Arlene operate Casa Machaya Oaxaca Bed & Breakfast (http://www.casamachaya.com). Alvin can be reached at email@example.com for updates regarding supporting Oaxacan education. Alvin assists tourists in planning their visits to the state capital and central valleys.
As cities become more crowded and natural resources more limited, architects and developers are coming up with innovative ways to make sure their projects are environmentally friendly. The green building trend started gaining momentum in the United States in 1993, when the US Green Building… Council was formed, as a way to transform the way builders and corporations approached new construction projects. The USGBC quickly realized the need for a unified program that builders could use to measure the sustainability of their projects and the LEED certification program was born.
LEED, which stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, has become the industry standard for rating green buildings. Four different classifications of LEED certification exist: certified, silver, gold and platinum. In order to get certified, builders must comply with the minimum program requirements, fill out the appropriate paperwork, and undergo a rigorous third-party review. Classifications depend on how a project is scored in five main categories: sustainable sites, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, and indoor environmental quality.
According to BusinessWeek, in 2007 there were only 2 LEED certified buildings in all of Latin America and one of them was in Mexico. Since then, Mexico has made great strides in the area of green building and now has over 15 LEED certified buildings, with many more in the certification process pipeline. Mexico has the 2nd most LEED certified buildings in Latin America after Brazil. Due to the increased interest in sustainable building, the Mexico Green Building Council (Consejo Mexicano de Edificación Sustentable, a non-profit organization, was founded in 2005. The Council seeks to promote green building in Mexico through education and professional development.
VIA Corporativo, located in Tijuana’s prestigious Zona Rio, was Northwest Mexico’s first certified green building and is home to the Tijuana Economic Development Corporation. It is the only LEED Gold certified building outside of Mexico City. The 14 story building has unique features, like a stunning air and light chamber, which helps contribute to a 40% electric energy savings and allows natural light to flow through the building. Water conservation is a key element of VIA Corporativo, and the building boasts an impressive 60% savings compared to conventional buildings as well as a rainwater collector. Misión 19, one of Tijuana’s most talked about restaurants, also calls VIA Corporativo home. The building was a natural fit for the restaurant, as Misión 19 prides itself on its farm-to-table menu and green practices.
The HSBC building, which stands tall among Mexico City’s Paseo de la Reforma, is the first building in Latin America to receive the prestigious LEED Gold certification. The building has a roof garden, which overlooks one of Mexico City’s cherished landmarks, the Angel de la Independencia. Not only is the roof garden nice to look at, but it also helps to reduce storm water runoff and filters pollutants. In addition to the roof garden, the building also makes use of intelligent lighting systems and has several water treatment features. People who work in the building can also take advantage of the ground level bike racks, which are great for those looking to reduce their environmental footprint. Not only has the building been recognized for its beautiful exterior, but in 2007 it was awarded the top interior design award by the Mexican Interior Design Association.
Not far from the HSBC building on Paseo de la Reforma, stands one of Mexico’s tallest and greenest buildings, the Torre Mayor. Home to multinational corporations like Deloitte, British American Tobacco, Hewlett Packard, and McKinsey & Company, the Torre Mayor is a 52 story architectural masterpiece officially inaugurated in March 2003. From the lightning fast elevators to one of the most well-equipped helipads in the region, the building is a sight to be seen and to this day is considered the tallest building in Latin America. The double paned glass materials used on the outside of the building block out noise and harmful UV rays, while letting in 60% more natural light than standard glass. The hermetically sealed air chambers prevent dust, odors, and germs from permeating the office space.
Mexico’s first LEED Platinum building is the Bioconstruccion y Energia Alternativa Headquarters, located in Garza Garcia, on the outskirts of Monterrey. The 5,000-square-foot office building has a saw edged roof that allows natural light to flow in, while still maintaining a beautiful design.
Sustainable building is no longer just for big corporate projects. Many of Mexico’s developers, like Casas GEO, are bringing the green movement to the masses, by incorporating environmentally friendly practices into their master planned low income communities. Residents of the communities can enjoy parks, running/biking trails, as well as the “ecotechnology” features in each home. Cemex is another company that is at the forefront of Mexico’s green movement. In 2010, Cemex reduced its reliance on fossil fuels and developed projects which allowed it to sell more carbon credits. The company has not only taken action at their corporate headquarters in Mexico, but also at their foreign subsidiaries.
Corporations, citizens, and builders in Mexico are waking up to the fact that our precious natural resources are limited. As sustainable building becomes less of a developing trend and more mainstream, we are sure to see even more LEED certified buildings and sustainable practices in Mexico.
For a while there it seemed like the only topic the International business media wanted to talk about was China – the economic miracle, the manufacturing giant, the double-digit growth. And then, it was Brazil. BRICs! Emerging market powerhouse! A seat at the table of world… affairs! Meanwhile, back here in Mexico we skulked in the shadows, grinding away to build up our manufacturing base in the face of cheap Chinese competition and uttering oaths as other countries captured the limelight.
But the media are fickle, and they love nothing more than a splashy trend. And lately, all of a sudden, it seems like you can’t swing a quarterly report without hitting a story on Mexico’s burgeoning competitiveness for advanced manufacturing. And as Mexico comes blinking into the glare of favor, reports of major new foreign investment in the country are piling up in areas such as automotive and aerospace manufacturing. We’re chuffed of course, but as we sift through the smaller headlines we’re seeing another trend that has received almost no attention at all: An apparent newfound enthusiasm among Mexican companies to invest in other countries. Although investment can rise and fall due to a range of external factors, figures from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) indicate that direct foreign investment by Mexican companies from 2009 through 2011 reached US$29.5 billion, nearly double the amount registered over the previous three-year span. The following are some examples of how this trend has gathered steam.
Mexican investment abroad is not entirely new of course, with some of the country’s largest companies paving the way early on. Cementos Mexicanos (Cemex) was a pioneer in Mexican global expansion, taking over two major Spanish cement companies in the early ‘90s and proceeding similarly to enter the markets of the United States, Venezuela and other Latin American countries by the end of the decade. Cemex subsequently expanded its operations to Asia, Africa and the Middle East, and is now considered to be the third largest cement company in the world. More recently, other Mexican heavy hitters have stepped up their overseas activity as well. Telecommunications giant América Móvil, owned by worlds-richest-man Carlos Slim, in 2012 alone acquired wireless carrier Simple Mobile in the United States and aggressively expanded its ownership stakes in telecoms Royal KPM in the Netherlands and Telekom Austria in Austria. América Móvil is already Latin America’s leading wireless services provider.
Another well established Mexican multinational, Grupo Bimbo, also has kept up its international expansion in recent years. Bimbo, now the world’s largest industrial baker, acquired the North American fresh bakery operations of U.S. baker Sara Lee in 2010, followed by Sara Lee’s operations in Spain and Portugal in 2011. Bimbo recently announced it will build a new US$75 million baking plant in Texas, adding to its existing production infrastructure in the state. Bimbo’s high-profile moves overshadow a number of less heralded but nonetheless important overseas activities by Mexican food and beverage firms. Monterrey-based food processor Sigma Alimentos acquired U.S. processed meats brand Bar-S in 2010, boosting its existing operations north of the border. Corn flour and tortilla giant Gruma boosted its already substantial operations in the United States by acquiring a tortilla production plant in 2011 and taking over U.S. tortilla producer Albuquerque Tortilla Co. the same year. Others targeted the lucrative U.S. Hispanic market as well: Beverage bottler Arca acquired California savory snack maker Señor Snacks in 2011, while a year earlier Mexican processed foods leader Grupo Herdez bought out another California company, frozen and refrigerated foods producer Don Miguel, to strengthen its presence in the U.S. market for Mexican-style foods. Mexico’s top poultry producer, Industrias Bachoco, added to the takeover frenzy in 2011, acquiring U.S. poultry processor OK industries to establish a beachhead in the market. Rounding out the list is beverage and retail group FEMSA, also headquartered in Monterrey, which has new bottling plants under development in Brazil and Colombia and is also expanding the presence of its Oxxo convenience store chain in Colombia. Most recently, FEMSA is reportedly nearing conclusion of negotiations with the Coca Cola company to become majority owner of a joint venture to take over Coca Cola bottling operations in the Philippines via investment in excess of US$1 billion.
Beyond its well recognized food and beverage brands, Mexico also has been flexing its muscle abroad in various industrial sectors. Monterrey-based conglomerate Grupo Alfa is very active, with its chemicals division acquiring two PET plastic producing plants and one PTA chemical plant in the United States in 2011, and its Nemak auto parts subsidiary building a new production plant in India and adding capacity to its China manufacturing operations in 2011 and 2012. Mexico City-based Mexichem, one of Latin America’s largest chemical producers, acquired leading European plastic pipe group Wavin in 2012 on the heels of its 2011 purchase of U.S. compounds producer AlphaGary. Looking ahead, Mexico City’s Grupo Kuo recently announced plans to partner with a Chinese company to build a rubber factory in China for launch in 2014, and Monterrey-based metal components firm Metalsa opened a new production plant in India and a second office in Japan in 2010, acquired the Venezuelan structural products division of U.S. auto parts maker Dana in 2011, and reportedly plans new manufacturing plants for Thailand in 2013 and Russia in 2015.
Mexico’s foreign legion is not only making a name for itself in established industrial products, but is providing innovation in the world market as well. This is especially visible in entertainment and recreation. Mexico City-based Kidzania, a developer of theme parks featuring role playing simulating future careers for children, is a unique and highly successful concept. The company added new parks in Chile and Malaysia in 2012 to its worldwide presence of 11 locations, with more planned for Asia, Europe and the Middle East over the next two years. Movie theater operator Cinépolis has found success at home and abroad with its premium services concept – think business class at the movies – opening new locations in the United States and Central America in 2012. The company is already among the world’s largest cinema operators with presence in 11 countries.
These examples are only a sample of Mexican firms’ increasingly aggressive activity abroad. And considering this investment has taken place in a down economy, Mexico can only be optimistic about its role in the global marketplace once the world economy resumes more dynamic growth.